The ensemble was founded in 1935 in Warsaw and led by Grzegorz Fitelberg until the outbreak of World War II. In 1945, Witold Rowicki reactivated the orchestra in Katowice and a year later, Fitelberg took over artistic management again. After his death in 1953, the orchestra was headed in succession by Jan Krenz, Bohdan Wodiczko, Kazimierz Kord, Tadeusz Strugała, Jerzy Maksymiuk, Stanisław Wisłocki, Jacek Kaspszyk, Antoni Wit, Gabriel Chmura and, once again, Jacek Kaspszyk. In September 2000, Joanna Wnuk-Nazarowa was appointed the institution’s Managing and Programming Director. In August 2012, Alexander Liebreich was appointed Artistic Director and Chief Conductor.Apart from archival recordings for Polish Radio, the ensemble has recorded over 200 albums released by many renowned labels, for which it has received numerous awards, including Diapason d’Or, Grand Prix du Disque and International Classical Music Awards. The projects completed by the Orchestra include, among others, Maraton twórczości Henryka Mikołaja Góreckiego [‘The Henryk Mikołaj Górecki Marathon’], Pociąg do muzyki Kilara [‘An Attraction to Kilar’s Music’] and Muzyczna podróż morska [‘A Musical Maritime Journey’]. Since 2015, the NOSPR – the ICMA Special Achievement Award 2018 recipient – has been the organiser of the Katowice Kultura Natura Festival, and since 2005, of the biennial Festival of World Premieres Polish Modern Music, whose 7th edition was nominated for the 2017 Koryfeusz Polish Music Award in the Event of the Year category.