Polish director, screenwriter, producer and author. He was born in Warsaw in 1939 and studied philosophy at Jagiellonian University in Kraków and physics at University of Warsaw, before graduating from The Leon Schiller National Film, Television and Theatre School in Łódź in 1966. Zanussi is considered one of Europe's most renowned film directors. His works are often described as intellectual and deeply philosophical, focused on the moral choices and metaphysical questions in everyday life. His graduation film was The Death of a Provincial Man, after which he went on to direct two television dramas and his feature debut The Structure of Crystal, for which he received many international awards at festivals, including International Film Festival Panama and Mar del Plata International Film Festival. In the 1970s, Zanussi wrote and directed some of his finest cinematic masterpieces: Family Life, Behind the Wall, Illumination, Camouflage, and Spiral, having defined his kind of protagonist: a man faced with the temptation to reject his own values, compromising individual freedom for the sake of day-to-day existence. In the 1980s, Zanussi worked mostly internationally and created A Year of the Quiet Sun. Beyond his artistic work, Zanussi has been the director of TOR Film Studio in Warsaw, a member of the European Film Academy and a recipient of numerous honorary degrees. He received David di Donatello Award, Commander's Cross with Star of Polonia Restituta Order, Order of Arts and Letters, among other distinctions. He has taught at the film schools in Łódź and Katowice (Poland) and national film schools in Great Britain and Denmark. He also directs plays – from Kraków and Bonn to Mediolan, Palermo and Rome.